عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article introduces the book Mysticism and Logic, derived from Bertrand Russell's articles and has a brief review. After generally introducing the work, the author focuses on its advantages and disadvantages in two dimensions, namely, form and content, and then emphasizes on the article "Mysticism and Logic" among the articles. In this paper, Russell addresses the practice of mysticism in the point of view of four problems. These four problems include: 1. Acknowledgment of two different tendencies in man to know the world, namely, mysticism and science; 2. The prominent philosophers’ attempt to harmonize these two needs; The four characteristics of mystical philosophy, i.e. belief in insight against reasoning knowledge, the belief in unity and the denial of plurality and contradiction, denial of realism of time and the considering evil an illusion; and 4. The mistake of mysticism in each of these four aspects. We will analyze these topics by raising them in the present article; Russell's empirical perspective made him to analyze mysticism from this point of view, and therefore, if he believes in mysticism, he turns to logical mysticism.