نقد و تحلیل آثار مربوط به تجربۀ اقتصادهای شرق آسیا در مقاوم‌سازی اقتصاد

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار اقتصاد، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

چکیده

توانایی برای جذب، ایستادگی، یا بازیابی درمقابل شوک‌های نامطلوب اقتصادی است که اقتصاد را مقاوم یا تاب‌آور می‌کند. اقتصادهای شرق آسیا در سال 1997 از بحران مالی آسیا ضربه خوردند. این اقتصادها ده سال بعد، در سال 2007، نیز با بحران مالی جهانی مواجه شدند. این بار هرچند از طریق خروج سرمایه و کاهش شدید صادرات شوک نامطلوب اقتصادی شدیدتری به آن‌ها وارد شد، اما درمقابل شوک ناشی از بحران اقتصادهای تاب‌آور و مقاومی بودند. توانایی اقتصادهای شرق آسیا برای بازیابی اقتصاد ناشی از ده سال مقاوم‌سازی اقتصاد از طریق اقدامات و اصلاحات مالی، اصلاحات ساختاری، کیفیت نهادی، و وضعیت منطقه‌ای بود. در این مقاله ازدیدگاه فرامالی تجربۀ تاب‌آوری شرق آسیا در مواجهه با بحران تحلیل شده است و آثار مربوط به دیدگاه مالی‌گرا در تحلیل بحران مالی شرق آسیا نقد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Review and Critique of Economic Resistance: The East Asian Experience

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyed Hossein Mirjalili
Associate Professor of Economics, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies
چکیده [English]

The ability to absorb, withstand, or recover from adverse economic shocks makes the economy more resilient. East Asian economies were hit by the Asian financial crisis in 1997. Ten years later, these economies faced a global financial crisis in 2007. This time, despite an economic downturn due to capital outflows and a sharp drop in exports, they were resilient and resistant economies against the adverse shock. The ability of East Asian economies to recover the economy was driven by a ten-year building of the resistance economy through financial reform, structural reforms, enhancing institutional quality, and regional conditions. In this paper, beyond the financial perspective, East Asia's resilient experience in dealing with the crisis has been analyzed, and the analyses of the East Asian crisis have been criticized.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • East Asia
  • resistance economy
  • Global Financial Crisis
  • Asian Financial Crisis
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