توسعة فهمِ توسعه: خوانش انتقادی کتاب تصورِ عصر پساتوسعه

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکدة اقتصاد، مدیریت و حساب‌داری دانشگاه یزد

2 استادیار اقتصاد، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

چکیده

اگرچه از ارائۀ اولین نظریه‏های تخصصی توسعه تا‌به‌حال کم‌تر از یک قرن می‏گذرد، سیر تحول آن‏ها پرشتاب و مجادله‏برانگیز و روشن‌گر بوده است. درحالی‌که هر نظریه تلاش کرده ‌است که بُعدی از علل و ماهیت توسعه ‏یافتگی و توسعه ‏نیافتگی را توضیح دهد، ازسوی نظریه‏ های جدیدتر به‌نقد کشیده شده است تا بدین ترتیب علم توسعه به‌طور مداوم در‌حال توسعه باشد. در این میان، دو دیدگاه وابستگی و پساتوسعه‏گرایی سایر دیدگاه‏ها و نظریه‏ها را به‌شکل بدبینانه ‏ای یک‌پارچه و استعماری در نظر گرفته و آن‏ ها را نظریه ‏های توسعۀ غرب یا غربی نامیده‌اند و آن‌ها را نفی می‏ کنند. کتاب تصورِ عصر پساتوسعه هر‌چند شامل مقالاتی با دیدگاه‏های مختلف است، روح کلی خود را از این دو دیدگاه وام گرفته است. مقالۀ حاضر، با نقد هم‌زمان این کتاب و این دو دیدگاه، سعی در «توسعۀ فهمِ توسعه» دارد. علاوه‌برآن، پیش‌نهادهایی برای تدوین کتاب‏های مشابه در آینده ارائه می‏ دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Development of the Understanding of Development: Critical Book Review of “Imagining the Post-Development Era”

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Hajamini 1
  • Mohammad Ali Aboutorabi 2
1 Assistant Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Yazd University
2 Assistant Professor of Economics, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies
چکیده [English]

Although the birth of the first specialized development theories has so far lasted less than a century, the evolution of these theories has been controversial. While each theory attempts to explain the reasons behindthe  development and underdevelopment, it has been criticized by more recent theories, and hence the development economics is continuously developing. Meanwhile, perspectives of Dependency and Post-development regard other perspectives as a set of pessimistic, homological, and colonial theories, and called them “Theories of Western Development” and rejected them. The book of “Imagining the Post-Development Era” contains articles with different perspectives, but the book's theme and the ideas are based on Dependency and Post-development perspectives. The present paper seeks to develop the understanding of development. In addition, it offers suggestions for writing and editing similar books in the future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Post-Development
  • Development
  • Human Development
  • Dependency
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