عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper has focused on reviewing the "Modernization, Sanctions and Interpretation (from scientific knowledge to the fear of Takfir)", written by Nasr Hamed Abu Zayd, and translated by Mohsen Armin and published by Ney publisher in Iran. In this paper, we have tried to introduce the author and his intellectual concerns, the basic problems, main concepts, methodology, and data analysis. This book has four essays: 1) the necessity of religious modernization as a prerequisite of political modernization; 2)the description of the reasons of exclusive vision towards art; 3) the problem of interpretation in the old and new era, and 4) the necessity of considering the Qur'an as discourse rather than as text that is the most important part of the book. This research is the latest Abu Zayd's publication during his lifetime, trying to offer the prescription for solving the crisis in Islamic societies and reinforcing the scientific knowledge. It should be noted that in spite of the fact that the book seems invaluable, there are some methodological deficiencies. Therefore, we intend to explain the main ideas of the book and evaluate it in terms of its form and content.