عنوان مقاله [English]
It said that the relation between history and theory is like “the deaf dialog”. It means: there are incongrous interests between them, and maybe the interpretation itself, cause an inconsistent relation between historians and theorists. The essay explains every historian needs to have theoritical base for writting and studying of history. Then it emphasizes that for criticize of historical works, the critics must be aware of theoritical base of the text that they are critisise, also they themselves, have to adopt a specific theoritical base.So, every theoritical base relates to metahistorical field, - and it means: the historians who theorise have to attend to necessaries more than facts gathering - therefore, the most necessary debate is explanation of the relationship between critique of history and metahistory. The essay analyses different levels of historical knowledge to explain the relationship.