Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Archaeology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 MA Student of Archaeology, Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran


The under review book of Homo Deus, A Brief History of Tomorrow, is the second part of the trilogy of Sapiens, Homo Deus, and 21 Lessons for the 21st Century were all written by Yuval Noah Harari. In this book, the writer has first reviewed the history behind the formation of the human mindset from Paleolithic to the renaissance with particular emphasis on the scientific revolution and appearance of the humanism paradigm and its subdivisions (liberalism, socialism, and fascism). Doing so, he concluded that the invention of the internet of everything and using more sophisticated computer-generated algorithms by Google and Facebook (Dataism) would eventually put humans aside forever. The writers of this critique compared the Farsi translation with the English one and realized that some parts of the Farsi version suffer from improper translation, and some other parts have been deleted during the translation. In addition to that, it is probable that human societies might escape from the illustrated dark future by Harari. Learning from past events, and more importantly, using our global consciousness, which we possess more than ever, might change the inevitable future.


Main Subjects

دایموند، جرد (1397)، فروپاشی، ترجمۀ فریدون مجلسی، تهران: نشر نو.
دایموند، جرد (1398)، آشوب: نقاط عطف برای کشورهای بحرانزده، ترجمۀ اصلان قودجانی، تهران: صانعی.
روزلینگ، هانس (1398)، واقعیت، ترجمۀ بهار رحمتی، تهران: نوین توسعه.
وحدتی‌‌نسب، حامد (1394)، «تطور فرهنگی جوامع انسانی در پیرامون فلات مرکزی از آغاز تا پایان اهلی‌‌سازی‌‌ها، بازگفت انگارۀ سازش‌‌پذیریِ فرهنگی»، مجلۀ باستان‌‌پژوهی، دورۀ جدید، ش 17.
وحدتی‌‌نسب، حامد (1398)، «بررسی و نقد ترجمۀ کتاب انسان خردمند، تاریخ مختصر بشر»، پژوهش‌نامۀ انتقادی متون و برنامه‌‌های علوم انسانی پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، س 19، ش 4.
هراری، یووال نوح (1397)، انسان خداگونه، تاریخ مختصر آینده، ترجمۀ زهرا عالی، تهران: نشر نو با همکاری نشر آسیم.
هراری، یووال نوح (1397)، انسان خداگونه، تاریخ مختصر فردا، ترجمۀ نیک گرگین، برگرفته از تارنمای: <>.
Ambrose, S. H. (2000), “Volcanic Winter in the Garden of Eden: the Toba Supereruption and the Late Pleistocene Human Population Crash”, Volcanic Hazards and Disasters in Human Antiquity, no. 345.
Ditlevsen, P., T. Mitsui, and M. Crucifix (2020), “Crossover and Peaks in the Pleistocene Climate Spectrum; Understanding from Simple Ice Age Models”, Climate Dynamics, vol. 54, no. 3.
LeCompte, M. et al. (2018), “Brief Overview of the Younger Dryas Cosmic Impact Datum Layer 12,800 Years Ago and its Archaeological Utility”, A. C. Goodyear and A. C. Moore, Early Human Life on the Southeastern Coastal Plain, Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Richter, D. et al. (2017), “The Age of the Hominin Fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco, and the Origins of the Middle Stone Age”, Nature, vol. 546, no. 7657.
Smith, E. I. et al. (2018), “Humans Thrived in South Africa through the Toba Eruption about 74,000 Years Ago”, Nature, vol. 555, no. 7697.
Stroumsa, G. G. (2015), “Three Rings or Three Impostors? The Comparative Approach to the Abrahamic Religions and its Origins”, in: The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions.