عنوان مقاله [English]
In this article, while introducing Konstantin Balmont, the symbolist poet of the twentieth century of Russia, known as Poet Laureate in Russian literature, attention has been paid to his oriental themes in the context of the Russian Symbolist School. Balmont is one of the founders of the Russian Symbolist School. The idea of divine religions, which means that only body of man is destroyed by the death and the man returns to God, is also the basis of Russian symbolism, which is frequently seen in Balmont's poetry. Then, the article deals with the origin and form of some of the eastern themes. The four elements (fire, water, earth, and air) are the main themes of Balmont's poems. Balmont was familiar with Iranian poets such as Mawlānā, Khaghani, and Hafez, and it seems that his poems have been composed of the elements by Persian poets. He tries to find "Shams" in this world under the influence of the Holy Quran, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the mystical Iranian-Oriental works, the Sufism of Hafez and Mawlānā, and the poems "Do not Forget: The Quran is the Book of Avoidance", "From there", "Star of the Desert", "Silence", "Jalal Al-Din Rumi", "advice", "Andalib", etc. based on the oriental themes and poems of Iranian poets. The themes that influenced the formation of the mystical and Sufi thoughts of the Russian poet and the poet's main attention are in the "world of existence" and the concept of "pre-existence and eternity".