بررسی و نقد کتاب رشد فقرزدا

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار اقتصاد، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، تهران.

چکیده

کتاب رشد فقرزدا به بررسی تجربة موفق هشت کشور بنگلادش، برزیل، غنا، هند، اندونزی، تونس، ویتنام، و اوگاندا در دست‌یابی به رشد اقتصادی هم‌راه با کاهش فقر می‌پردازد. مزیت نظریة رشد فقرزدا این است که به‌جای این‌که بر بازتوزیع درآمد برای فقرا متمرکز شود، بر الگوی رشد اقتصادی متمرکز می‌شود و رشد مشارکتی را مطرح می‌کند. رشد فقرزدای مطلق (در تجربة هند) و رشد فقرزدای نسبی (در تجربة بنگلادش) در این کتاب به‌کار رفته است. روشن نیست که میزان کاهش فقر چه‌قدر باید باشد تا رشد فقرزدا باشد. افزون‌برآن، در این کتاب، رشد فراگیر که مفهومی عام‌تر از رشد فقرزداست، درنظر گرفته نشده است. در این مقاله سیاست‌های رشد فقرزدای هند با محوریت ریشه‌کنی فقر مطلق، طی سال‌های 1958 تا 2000 با سیاست‌های رشد فراگیر در برنامة پنج‌سالة یازدهم و دوازدهم هند (2007- 2017) مقایسه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pro-Poor Growth: A Book Review

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyedhossein Mirjalili
Associate Professor of Economics, Institute for Humanities and Cultural studies, Tehran
چکیده [English]

Delivering on the Promise of Pro-Poor Growth contributes to the debate on how to accelerate poverty reduction by providing insights from eight countries that have been relatively successful in delivering pro-poor growth: Bangladesh, Brazil, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Tunisia, Uganda, and Vietnam. It integrates growth analytics with the microanalysis of household data to determine how country policies and conditions interact to reduce poverty and to spread the benefits of growth across different income groups.
It is an advantage of pro-poor growth theory that instead of focusing on redistribution of income for the poor, it focuses on the pattern of economic growth and proposes participation in growth. The absolute pro-poor growth (in the Indian experience) and relative pro-poor growth (in the Bangladesh experience) have been used in this book. It is not clear how much poverty reduction should be in order to make the growth pro-poor. In addition, in this book, inclusive growth, which is a more general notion than pro-poor, is not considered. In this paper, pro-poor policies in India, centered on the eradication of absolute poverty during 1958 to 2000, have been compared with inclusive growth policies of the India's eleventh and twelfth development plans during 2007-2017.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Growth
  • pro-poor growth
  • inclusive growth
  • Inequality
  • absolute pro-poor
  • relative pro-poor
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