نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه باستان‌شناسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس. تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پروفسور رابین دنل یکی از شناخته­شده­ترین باستان­شناسان پارینه­سنگیِ آسیاست. کتاب اخیر ایشان که از سوی انتشارات رُتلج در سال 2020 میلادی به چاپ رسیده است، از نمونه­های خوبِ وام­گیری از مفاهیم بوم­شناسی و زیست­شناسی و بطور خاص، زیست­شناسی تهاجم در باستان­شناسی محسوب می­گردد. تمرکز این کتاب بر مسألۀ پراکنش گروه­های انسانی و ساز و کارهای پویاییِ قلمرو زیستی آن­ها در سرتاسر قارۀ آسیا در طول دوره­های پارینه­سنگی میانی و جدید است. در این کتاب، گونۀ ما، یعنی انسان مدرن به­عنوان یک گونۀ مهاجم از دید بوم­شناسی معرفی می­شود؛ زیرا این گونه به­سرعت در سرتاسر قارۀ کهن ساکن شد و سایر گونه­های سردۀ انسان مانند نئاندرتال­ها را منقرض کرد و به گوناگونیِ زیست­شناختیِ این سرده برای همیشه پایان داد. به دلیل جامعیت، بهره­گیری از به­روزترین شواهد و انتشارات مرتبط و نیز، استفاده از رویکردهای میان­رشته­ای، مطالعۀ کتاب مورد بحث برای باستان­شناسان علاقه­مند به مبحث تحرک جمعیت­های انسانی، باستان­شناسی چشم­انداز و چگونگی خروج انسان مدرن از آفریقا و کلنی­سازی آسیا توصیه می­شود.        

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Critique on the Book “From Arabia to the Pacific: How Our Species Colonised Asia”

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyyed Milad Hashemi Sarvandi

Assistant Professor in Archaeology, Modares University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Professor Robin Dennell is one of the most well-known Paleolithic archaeologists with a specialty on Asia. His recent book, published by Routledge Publication in 2020, is a good example of borrowing ecological and biological concepts, and in particular, invasion biology in archaeology. The focus of this book is on the dispersal of Middle and Upper Paleolithic hominins and the dynamism of their range expansion/contraction in Asia. In the book, our species, modern human, is introduced as an invasive species from an ecological point of view; because such groups quickly settled across the whole ancient continent and in doing so, others, such as Neanderthals became extinct. This occurrence put an end to the biological diversity of the genus Homo forever. Due to its comprehensiveness, the use of the most up-to-date evidence and publications, as well as the interdisciplinary approaches, the book is a must-read for Paleolithic archaeologists interested in the mobility of human populations, landscape archaeology, the exodus of modern humans out of Africa, and the resultant colonization of Asia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Middle and Upper Paleolithic Periods
  • Modern Human
  • Neanderthals
  • Asia
  • Colonization

Dennell, R.W., 2020. From Arabia to the Pacific: How our Species colonised Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9780367482411, 365 pages, 103 B/W Illustrations.

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