نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار باستان‌شناسی، عضو هیأت علمی، دانشگاه جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران

10.30465/crtls.2022.38930.2420

چکیده

سامان سیاسی-اداری شاهنشاهی ساسانی از نظر تأثیر و تأثراتش و نیز تحولاتی که آن را به دولتی بسیار ساختارمند بدل ساخت، موضوع مطالعات متعددی بوده است. در این بین، پژوهش‌های ریکا گیزلن در توسعۀ این حوزۀ مطالعاتی نقشی محوری داشته است. سی سال پس از اولین کتاب یادمانی وی در این باره در سال 1989، انتشار کتاب «جغرافیای اداری شاهنشاهی ساسانی. شواهد کتیبه­شناختی پارسی میانه» توسط این نویسنده فرصت به ثمر نشستن این توسعه­ها را فراهم کرده است. بنابراین، هدفهای اصلی مقالۀ حاضر، مرور کتاب و تعیین جایگاهش در حوزۀ مطالعاتی مربوطه، در کنار معرفی نویسنده‌اش، است. در این راستا بخشهای گوناگون این کتاب و مطالب مورد تمرکز هر یک به گونه­ای دقیق ارائه و دستاوردهایش در پیشبرد دانش و کاربردش برای پژوهشگران ذکر گردیده است. در پایان مقاله نیز به ایجاز پیشنهادهایی برای بعضی اصلاحات و ترسیم نقشۀ راهی برای پژوهش‌های بعدی فراهم گردیده است. با مرور این کتاب درمی­یابیم که نویسنده روش پژوهشش را بر پایۀ مطالعۀ تطبیقی و در­زمانی منابع اصلی کتیبه­شناختی پارسی میانه نهاده است. بنابراین پیکرۀ کامل داده­ها در دو کاتالوگ جامع همراه با توضیحات زبان­شناختی و تاریخی فراهم شده و مدارکی متقن برای جغرافیای اداری دولت ساسانی و پویاییهای آن ارائه گردیده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Field of the Administrative Geography of the Sasanian Empire On the Auspicious Occasion of the Publication of La géographie administrative de l’empire sassanide. Les témoignages épigraphiques en moyen-perse

نویسنده [English]

  • Hossein Habibi

Assistant Professor, University of Jiroft, Department of Archaeology, Jiroft, Iran

چکیده [English]

The political and administrative structures of the Sasanian Empire have been the focus of numerous research. For the rather recent developments of the subject, though, Rika Gyselen’s studies have been crucial. Thirty years after her trailblazing 1989’s book in the field, the publication of La géographie administrative de l’empire sassanide. Les témoignages épigraphiques en moyen-perse have brought about these developments fulfilled and provided us with yet another monumental work of research on the dynamics of the administrative geography of the state. Therefore, the main focuses of this essay are concerned with the review of the latter book and the progress it achieved in the field, along with the academic background of the author. To that end, the content of each chapter is meticulously presented and its potentialities for authorities is noted. Then, some points that could have improved the work and helped it to meet further expectations of an even more comprehensive repertoire, together with suggestions for future research, are succinctly provided. The book delivers a factual account while founding the research design on the examination of Middle-Persian epigraphic primary sources. Therefore, a catalogue raisonné presents a state-of-the-art corpus of Sasanian scholarship according to a diachronic-comparative approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Administrative Geography of the Sasanian Empire
  • Epigraphy
  • Sigillography
  • Seal
  • Bulla
  • Numismatics
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